Hospitality Management: a Science, Commercial, or Art Course?

Candidates who want to choose Hospitality Management in the JAMB UTME or Direct Entry application are curious to know if the course is a science, commercial (social science/management), or art. There is a need to know the faculty or the school that Hospitality Management falls to before making a decision whether to choose it, especially when the change of institution/course forms opens and candidates wish to consider less competitive courses.

Before we dive into the core of this post, let’s get a few things.

What’s Hospitality Management?

Hospitality management is the study of business and administration of hotels, restaurants, cruise ships, amusement parks, destination marketing organizations, convention centers, country clubs, restaurants, casinos, resorts, airlines and tour agencies, and many more.

Hospitality Management is sometimes referred to as Hotel and Catering Management which involves learning the management techniques that are applicable to hotel administration, marketing, housekeeping, maintenance, catering, etc. Unlike the hospitality industry, hotel management focuses more on the hotel industry and its functioning.

In Nigerian institutions, for instance, Hospitality Management may be combined with other related courses. This determines how the course is named by the university, the polytechnics, or colleges. Below are possible variations of the naming:

  1. Hospitality and Tourism e.g ARTHUR-JARVIS, EKSU, KWASU, UNIHEZ
  2. Hospitality and Tourism Management e.g CRUTECH, FED-OYE EKITI, FED-WUKARI, FUNAAB, KWASU, IMSU, PAUL, PHC
  3. Hotel and Catering Management e.g NOUN
  4. Hotel Management and Tourism e.g ELIZADE, BIU, FED-WUKARI, GREGORY, UMUDIKE, UNI-AFRICA, WESLEYUNI

With that said, is the course Science, Commerical or Art?

Hospitality Management is a three-in-one Course

I bet your best choice would be the Commerical, Social Science or Management course. After all, the course is about business, management, and administration of businesses of hotels, events, etc.

Sorry to disappoint you, Hospitality Management is Science, Commercial, and/or Art.

This post will break it down for you. A section will give a few universities offering Hospitality Management, their UTME subjects, and SSCE subject requirements. With this, you should be able to know under which school, college, or faculty the course is categorized. The other section will give a few polytechnics offering the course and their admission requirements – detailing whether that polytechnic considers it as a Science, Commercial, or Art course.

Universities Offering Hospitality Management as a Science Course

  1. For SSCE Subjects, Western Delta University Oghara  (WESTERN-DEL) requires five (5) ‘O’ Level credit passes to include English Language, Mathematics/Physics, Chemistry, Biology/ Agricultural Science, Food and Nutrition/Home Economics. Here, the university strictly accepts Science students for Hospitality ManagementFor the UTME subjects, the university requires Mathematics/Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Agricultural Science.
  2. For SSCE subjects, Kwara State University (KWASU) requires ‘O’ Level credit passes in Mathematics, English Language, two (2) Social Science subjects, and any Science subject. For the UTME subjects, the university requires chemistry, Biology/Agriculture and Mathematics/Physics or one (1) Social Science subject. Here, the university accepts both Science and Commercial students but the best choice will be for the Science students. 
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Universities Offering Hospitality Management as a Commercial Course

    1. For SSCE subjects, the University of Portacourt (UNIPORT) requires five (5) ‘O’ Level credit passes in English Language, Mathematics, Economics and any other two (2) from Government/History, Geography, Commerce, Accounting, Literature in English, Christian Religious Studies/Islamic Studies, Chemistry, Physics, Biology or Agricultural Science. In this case, the three other subjects can come from Science, Commercial and possibly Art or any possible combination of subjects. For UTME subjects, the university accepts Mathematics, Economics, and any other subject. Here, the best choices should be for commercial students.

    Universities Offering Hospitality Management as a three-in-one Course

      1. For SSCE subjects, REDEEMERS University requires five (5) ‘O’ Level credit passes to include English Language, Mathematics, and any other three (3) relevant subjects. In this case, the three other subjects can come from Science, Commercial and possibly Art or any possible combination of subjects. For UTME subjects, the University requires any three (3) subjects from Social Sciences or Arts. This means any student from Social Science or Art would be considered for admission.
      2. For SSCE subjects, Afe Babalola University (ABUAD) requires five (5) ‘O’ Level credit passes including English Language, Mathematics, and any three (3) from Arts, Social Science, or Science Subjects. In this case, the three other subjects can come from Science, Commercial and possibly Art or any possible combination of subjects. For UTME subjects, the university accepts any three subjects.
      3. For SSCE subjects, Ekiti State University (EKSU) requires five (5) SSCE credit passes in English Language, Mathematics, and any three (3) Subjects from  Social Science, Sciences, or Arts. Here, the three other subjects can come from Science, Commercial and possibly Art or any possible combination of subjects. For SSCE subjects, EKSU requires any other three (3) Subjects from Social Sciences, Sciences, or Arts. This means any student from Science, Social Science, or Art would be considered for admission
      4. For SSCE subjects, the University of Calabar (UNICAL) accepts  Five (5) O Level Credits passes in English Language, Mathematics, Tourism/Geography/Civic Education and any other two from Social Sciences, Humanities, or Sciences in not more than two sittings from West African School Certificate Examination (WASSCE), General Certificate of Education (GCE) Ordinary Level or NECO. With this specification, the university may not accept NABTEB for the course. Here, the two other subjects can come from Science, Commercial and possibly Art or any possible combination of subjects. For SSCE subjects, UNICAL requires  English Language and any other three subjects from Social Sciences, Arts and Humanities or Sciences. his means any student from Science, Social Science, or Art would be considered for admission.
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      These are just a few universities to establish that certain universities will accept strictly science students, or both Science and Commercial, and in certain cases Science, Art, and Commerical.

      Polytechnics Mostly Run Hospitality Management as a Science Course

      Generally, candidates seeking admissions to Hospitality Management in a polytechnic will need:

      1. Five (5) SSCE credit passes in Biology/Agricultural Science, Mathematics, and any three (3) of the following: Geography, Food, and Nutrition, Economics, Technical Drawing, English Language, Physics, Chemistry, Nigerian Language, Home Economics.
      2. As for the JAMB subjects: Biology/Agricultural Science and two (2) of Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, and Economics.

      Even where a polytechnic listed Commercial subjects as acceptable O’level requirements, the UTME subject combination (as stated above) will still hinder him/her.

      Let’s check the terms below.

      1. Rufus Giwa Polytechnic (GIWAPOLY) accepts any other subject in addition to Biology/Agricultural Science, Mathematics. Here, the polytechnic may admit Science, Commercial, or Art students for Hospitality Management. ‘O’ Level credit pass in Chemistry is not compulsory.
      2. Yaba College of Technology (YABATECH) requires five (5) SSCE credit passes in English Language, Mathematics, Biology/Agricultural Science, and any two (2) of the following: Geography, Food, and Nutrition/Catering Craft, Health Science, Government. Commerce, Principles of Accounts, Economics, Physics, Chemistry, O Level credit passes in English Language and Chemistry are compulsory. Here, the polytechnic may admit Science, Commercial, or Art students for Hospitality Management provided the subjects are sat for and made in the SSCE
      3. Wavecrest College Of Hospitality, Surulere Lagos State is not a co-educational school and admits only female candidates. It requires five (5) ‘O’ Level credit passes in Biology or Agricultural Science and any four (4) of the following Physics, Chemistry, Economics/Commerce/Accounting/Government, Geography, Food and Nutrition/Home Management, English Language, Mathematics.
      4. Plateau State Polytechnic Jos, Plateau State requires ‘O’ Level credit passes in English Language, Mathematics, Chemistry, Biology/Agricultural Science, Economics, Health Science, Food & Nutrition, Geography.
      5. Kwara State Polytechnic, Ilorin, Kwara State accepts Basic Electricity, Health Science, Basic Catering & Food Service, Hotel & Catering Craft Service (Cookery), Hotel & Catering Craft Service (Foods & Drinks Service) as course requirements, but Chemistry is not compulsory as a requirement for the course.
      6. Federal Polytechnic Ede, Osun State requires ‘O’ Level credit pass in Chemistry and does not accept Technical drawing, a Nigerian language, and Home Economics
      7. Federal Polytechnic, Ilaro, Ogun State requires O’ level credit pass in English Language, Mathematics, Biology/Agricultural Science/Health Science and any two of the following:  Physics, Chemistry, Government, Business Methods, Economics/Commerce, Book Keeping and Principles of Accounting, Food and Nutrition/Home Management, Health Science, Civic Education, Tourism, Tie & Dye, Data Processing, Animal Husbandry, Fisheries, Geography, Home Economics, French Language, Basic Catering, Food Service, Hotel & Catering Craft Service, Geography, and Relevant NTC/NBC &NVC Trades.
      8. Akanu Ibiam Federal Polytechnic, Unwana, Ebonyi State requires ‘O’ Level credit passes in Biology/Agricultural Science, Chemistry, and any three (3) of Geography, Food and Nutrition, Physics, and Economics. It does not accept Economics as a UTME subject.
      9. Auchi Polytechnic, Auchi Edo State requires ‘O’ Level credit passes in English Language, Mathematics, Biology/Agricultural Science, Geography, and any other subject. ‘O’ Level pass in Chemistry is required.
      10. Ogun State Polytechnic, Abeokuta (formerly Moshood Abiola Polytechnic) requires four (4) ‘O’ Level credit passes at one (1) sitting or five (5) credits at not more than two (2) sittings to include English Language and Biology/Agricultural Science with ‘O’ Level pass in Mathematics.
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      Conclusion

      It’s safe for non-science (Commerical and Art) students to seek admission into Hospitality Management – provided he writes the correct subjects combination in both UTME and SSCE. However, it more likely that the candidates that will be favored are more of Science than Commercial/Art. This is because Science students will generally combine the right subjects in UTME and in O’level results.

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